Mst. Nahid Akter
1Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur 5200, Bangladesh
*Corresponding author: email@example.com
Article history: Received: 1.9.2021, Accepted: 21.10.2021, Published: Online: 31.10.2021
To cite this article: Akter, MN. 2021. Role and mode of action of using probiotic (Lactic Acid Bacteria) and prebiotic (Mannan Oligosaccharide) in aquaculture. .Intl. J. Agric. Med. Plants. 2(5): 1-17.
The principal function of a diet is not only to offena sufficient amount of nutrients to accomplish metabolic desires of the body but also to amend various functions of the body. Probiotics and prebiotics are either beneficial microorganisms or substrates that help the growth of these microorganisms which can be suitably harnessed by the food manufacturers and holds considerable promise for health care industry. When these dietary supplements provided in feeds, even in small amounts increase growth and survival during culture, improve feed conversion, enhance development and improve immune status and /or stress of fishes and crustaceans. All of these benefits are occurred due to modulation of gastrointestinal (GI) microbes and improved physical GI structures. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB), particularly Lactobacillus acidophilus, are considered to be one of the most utilized probiotic strains. This group of bacteria produces lactic acid as their main metabolic product during carbohydrate fermentation benefits the host animal by modifying the growth of beneficial microorganisms which ultimately outcompete potentially hazardous bacteria in the intestinal ecosystem and reinforce the natural defence mechanisms. Among the established prebiotics, mannan oligosaccharide (MOS) is one of the preferable prebiotics used as the dietary supplement for fish and crustacean species. The most promising prospects of using probiotics and prebiotics are sketched out, but considerable efforts of research will be necessary to elucidate various factors in order to develop their applications in aquaculture, as it is clear that probiotic and prebiotic efficiency is dependent on a number of independent and interacting factors related to the culture conditions and host species. This article gives an overview of probiotic (LAB) and prebiotic (MOS), their health effects, mode of action and safety issues including future prospects.
Keywords: Lactic acid bacteria, Mannan oligosaccharide, Mode of action, Probiotics
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