Md Shariful Islam1* and M Obaidul Islam2
*1Bangladesh Sugarcrop Research Institute, Regional Station, Thakurgaon-5102, Bangladesh,2Department of Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
*Corresponding author: email@example.com
Article history: Received: 10.01.2021, Accepted: 20.02.2021, Published: Online: 28.02.2021
To cite this article: Islam MS and Islam MO. 2021. Productivity and profitability of sugarcane with lentil-sesame sequential intercropping under High Ganges River Flood Plain soils of Bangladesh. Intl. J. Agric. Med. Plants. 2(1): 31-42.
An experiment was conducted at Bangladesh Sugarcrop Research Institute farm, Pabna, Bangladesh to find out productivity and profitability of sugarcane with lentil-sesame sequential intercropping. The experiment was laid out in two factor Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replication. One factor consisted of four spacing of sugarcane along with row number of intercrops. They were- S1 (Sugarcane row to row spacing (RRS) 80 cm + 1 row of lentil – 1 row of sesame), S2 (Sugarcane RRS 100 cm + 2 rows of lentil -2 rows of sesame), S3 (Sugarcane RRS 120 cm + 3 rows of lentil – 3 rows of sesame) and S4 (Sole sugarcane with RRS 100 cm). Another factor consisted of C0 (non leaf cutting and C1 (leaf cutting) of sugarcane. The highest plant height was observed in S3C0 treatment. The highest LAI, TDM and cane yield were found in S2C0 treatment. The number of tiller and millable cane were the highest S1C0 treatment. Brix (%), pol per cent cane, purity (%) and recovery (%) were insignificant of lentil-sesame sequential intercropping of sugarcane. The highest BCR and LER were obtained 2.73 and 2.06, respectively, in S3C1treatment. Finally, on the basis of results it may be concluded that sugarcane transplanted at RRS at 120 cm under leaf cutting with 3R lentil-3R of sesame can be grown as intercrops for higher economic return and might be recommended for farmers practice in High Ganges River Flood Plain soils under AEZ 11 of Bangladesh.
Keywords: Intercropping, lentil, LAI, sesame, sugarcane
Alam MA, Biswas MM and Ali Y. 1990. Akher khatikar pokamakar o protikar (in Bangla). Sugarcane Research and Training Institute, Ishurdi, Pabna, Bangladesh.
Alam MJ, Islam MA, Rahman MM. and Zaman AKMM. 2000. Impact of paired row sugarcane with double intercrops. Bangladesh journal of Sugarcane. 22: 1-9
Ali MI, Imam SA. and Ali MK. 1989. RopaAkh Chas (Sugarcane cultivation by spaced transplanting) in Bangla. Sugarcane Research and Training Institute, Ishurdi, Pabna, Bangladesh.
Al-Azad MAK, Siddique MAB, Hasan MA, Amanullah ASM and Mannan SA. 2009. Performance of paired row sugarcane with double intercropping. Bangladesh Research Publication Journal. 3(1):841-845.
Anonymous. 2005. FRG (Fertilizer Recommendation Guide). Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Farmgate, Dhaka.
CIMMYT. 1988. From Agronomic Data to Farmers Recommendations: An Economics Training Manual. Completely revised edition. Mexico. D.F. pp. 31-45.
Dhaliwal KS. 2018. Sugarcane Crop with Intercropping. International Journal of Science and Research. 7(11): 205-208.
Gomez KA and Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical procedure for agricultural research. John Willey and Sons, New York. Brisbane. Singapore. pp.139-240.
Hossain GMA, Bokhtiar SM. Paul SK and Anam MR. 2003. Intercropping of Sugarcane with Onion and Potato Followed by Sesame in Paired Row System. Journal of Agronomy. 2: 85–91. https-//doi.org/10.3923/ja2003.85.91
Imam SA, Ali A and Razzaque MA. 1982. Performance of intercropping with sugarcane under several crop combinations. Bangladesh journal of Sugarcane. 4:32-41.
Islam MS and Islam MO. 2016. Successive intercropping of potato and mungbean with sugarcane. The Agriculturists. 14(2): 67–76. https-//doi,org/10.3329/agric.v14i2.31351
Islam MS and Islam MO. 2018. Productivity and economic efficiency of sugarcane cultivation under intercropping system with potato and mungbean. Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University. 16(3): 429–436. https-//doi.org/10.3329/jbau.v16i3.39413
Islam MS, Hossain MS, Alam MJ, Rashid MM and Habib MA. 2017. Productivity of tropical sugarbeet as intercrop with sugarcane in old Himalayan piedmont plain soil. Bangladesh Journal of Sugarcane. 38: 109-118.
Islam MW, Miah MAS, Islam MS and Begum MK. 2008. Effects of light interception on second intercrop production in sugarcane. Pakistan Sugar Journal. 23 (03): 2-6.
Kapse V. 2017. Effect of Intercropping and planting Methods on yield, nutrient content and uptake by Sugarcane under Lateric soils of Konkanan Region. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 7(1):135-139.
Mazaheri D, Madani A and Oveysi M. 2006. Assessing the land equivalent ratio (LER) of two (Zea mays L.) varieties intercropping at various nitrogen levels in Karaj, Iran. Journal of Central European Agriculture. 7(2):359- 364.
Mead R. and Willey RW. 1980. The concept of a ‘land equivalent ratio’ and advantages in yields from intercropping. Experimental Agriculture. 16: 217-228.
Miah MAS, Rahman ABMM, Hossain MA, Chowdhury MKA, Alam MR and Ali S. 2002. Paired row planting technique and sequential intercropping in sugarcane. Pakistan Sugar Journal. 17: 2-6.
Mousavi SR. 2011. A general overview on intercropping and its advantages in sustainable agriculture. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences. 1(11): 482-486.
Nadeem M, Javed S, Safdar ME and Ibrahim M. 2020. Agronomic and economic evaluation of autumn planted sugarcane under different planting patterns with lentil intercropping. Agronomy. 10: 644.
Ponnaiyan G, Tayade AS and Kumar R. 2015. Light interception in sugarcane based intercropping System. Journal of Agrometereology. 21(2):210-212.
Rahman MH, Rahman MS, Islam MS, Sohel MAT and Siddiquee MNA. 2012. Production potential and economics of intercropping in sugarcane with some winter crops followed by mungbean. International Journal of Ecology and Agricultural Technology. 2(2): 11-16.
Rahman MK, Paul SK. and Chowdhury, ATMSU. 2005. Improved cultivation technology of sugarcane and intercrops. Bangladesh Sugarcane Research Institute. Ishurdi, Pabna, Bangladesh. pp. 1–80.
Rahman MS, Haq, MF, Islam, MS, Bashar MK, Ara N and Sardar, PK. 1994. Sugarcane based intercropping in selected areas of Rajshahi sugar mills zone. Bangladesh journal of Sugarcane. 16: 44-48.
Rahman MS, Satter MA, Huleder AR, Begum N, Begum S, Azam MA, Miah MNH, Pasa MNU and Raider MR. 2008. Unnoto Krishi Projukti poreceite (Modern Introducing on Agrotechnology) by BINA developed in Bangla. Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, Bangladesh. pp. 54–61.
Rasool, A., Farooq, MA, Zubair, M, Jamil, M, Ahmad, S. and Shahid, A. 2011. Prospects of intercropping rabi crops in autumn planted sugarcane. Pakistan Sugar Journal. 26(2): 2-5.
Russel DF. 1986. MSTAT-C. MSTAT Director Crop and Soil Science. Department of Michigan State University, USA.
Sam ES and Ghannay P. 2018. Role of intercropping in modern agriculture and sustainability: a review. British Journal of Science. 16(2): 67-75.
Satter MA, Rahman MM, Rashid MHU, Ali MS and Alam MS. 2005. Krishi Projukti Hatboi (Hand book on agro-technology) in Bangla, 3rd edition, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute. Gazipur, Bangladesh. pp. 79- 85, 174-198, 487.
Singh J and Uppal S. 2015. Intercropping of medicinal and high value crops in autumn sugarcane (Saccharum spp. Hybrid) for higher productivity and profitability. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 60(1): 135-139.
Singh J and Uppal S. 2017. Management of weeds in sugarcanewheat intercropping system in sub trpical India. Indian Journal of Weed Science. 49(2):139-146.
Spancer GL and Meade GP. 1963. Cane sugar Hand Book. 9th Ed. G.P. Meade.John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York. P.17.
Thimmegowda M, Chandrappa R, Savitha S and Babu PNS. 2016. Climate resilient intercropping systems for rainfed red soils of Karnataka. Indian Journal of Dryland Agriculture Research and Development. 31(2): 39-44.
Verma RS, Yadav RA and Sing K. 1986. A new planting technique of potato for intercropping in autumn sugarcane. Indian Sugar. 36: 19–20
Watson DJ. 1952. The physiological basis of variation in yield. Advances Agronomy. 4: 101-145.