Md Shariful Islam*, Md Mamunur Rashid and Md Sohrab Hossain
Bangladesh Sugarcrop Research Institute, Regional Sugarcrop Research Station, Thakurgaon- 102, Bangladesh
*Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Article history: Received: 07.01.2021, Accepted: 21.02.2021, Published: Online: 28.02.2021
To cite this article: Islam MS,Rashid MM and Hossain MS. 2021. Productivity and profitability of chilli and intercrop with sugarcane in different planting system. Intl. J. Agric. Med. Plants. 2(1): 16-20.
A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the productivity and profitability of intercropped chilli with sugarcane during 2016-17 cropping season in farmers’ field of Thakurgaon sugar mills area under Old Himalayan Piedmont Plain Soils (AEZ-1). The treatments were T1: Single row cane (SRC) sole, T2: Paired row cane (PRC) sole, T3: SRC (75 cm)+1 line chilli, T4: SRC (75 cm)+2 lines chilli, T5: SRC (100 cm)+1 line chilli, T6: SRC (100 cm)+2 lines chilli, T7: PRC+2 lines chilli and T8: PRC + 3 lines chilli. The sugarcane variety was Isd 37 and chilli variety was BARI morich -1. Results revealed that the highest number of tiller (166.00 ´ 103 ha-1), millable cane (110.00×103 ha-1), stalk height (3.35 m) and stalk diameter (2.31cm) were obtained in T1 treatment. No significant effect was found in Brix and the highest cane yield (99.44 t ha-1) was also obtained in T1. The highest chilli yield (5.95 t ha-1) was obtained from T8 treatment and the highest equivalent cane yield of intercrop (59.09 t ha-1) was found in T6 treatment. The highest benefit cost ratio (BCR) of 2.75 was found in T5 treatment and the lowest of 2.07 was found in T2 treatment. Therefore, growing single row cane with chilli might be profitable for sugarcane farming in Old Himalayan Piedmont Plain Soil in Northern Region of Bangladesh.
Keywords: Benefit cost ratio, chilli, intercropping, sugarcane, yield
Akhtar M, Yaqub M, Iqbal Z, Ashraf MY, Akhter J and Hussain F. 2010. Improvement in yield and nutrient uptake by co-cropping of wheat and chickpea. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 42: 4043–4049.
Alam MJ, Hossain MS, Islam AKMR, Rahman MK and Kabir ML. 2008. Performance of jute varieties for seed production as first and mungbean as second intercrop under transplanted cane in paired row. Bangladesh Journal of Sugarcane. 30: 116-121.
Bandyopadhyay SN. 1984. Nitrogen and water relations in grain sorghum-legume intercropping systems. Ph.D. Dissertation, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2017. Agricultural Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh. Statistics Division, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka.
CIMMYT. 1988. From Agronomic Data to Farmers Recommendations: An Economics Training Manual. Completely revised edition. Mexico.D.F. pp. 31-45.
Farhad, ISM, Chowdhury MMU, Bhowal SK, Choudhury AK and Khan ASMMR. 2014. Chilli – Garlic intercropping system in coastal saline area. Applied Science Report. 6(2): 47-50.
Guleria G and Kumar N. 2016. Sowing methods and varying seed rates of cowpea on production potential of sorghum, sudan grass hybrid and cowpea: A review. Agricultural Reviews. 37: 290-299.
Islam AKMR, Razzak MA, Sohel MAT, Roy HP and Islam N. 2016. Intercropping Tropical Sugarbeet Varieties with Sugarcane in Different Planting Geometry. Bangladesh Journal of Sugarcane. 37: 1-9.
Islam MS, Hossain MS, Alam MJ, Rashid MM and Habib MA. 2017. Productivity of Tropical sugarbeet as intercrop with sugarcane in old Himalayan piedmont plain soil. Bangladesh Journal of Sugarcane. 38: 109-118.
Karim SMR, Razzak MA, Kashem MN, Islam S and Rahman MH. 2014. Paired row system of sugarcane cultivation with chilli as intercrop under Tista Meander Flood Plain soils. Bangladesh Journal of Sugarcane. 35: 102-1107.
Lal RB and Ray S. 1976. Economics of crop production of different intensities. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 46: 93-96.
Sadashiv B. 2004. Production potential of hybrid cotton (Gossypiumhirsutum) based vegetable intercropping systems under irrigation. M.S. thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences.Dharwad, India.
Shahana F, Bharati Y and Joseph B. 2019. Identification of profitable intercrops in summer sugarcane in NTZ. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry.8(5): 1602-1604.
Steel RGD, Torrie JH and Dicky DA. 1996. Principles and Procedures of Statistics, A Biometrical Approach, 3rd ed.; McGraw Hill, Inc. Book Co.: New York, NY, USA.
Verma SP. and Modgal SC. 1983. Production potential and economics of fertilizer application as resource constraint in maize-wheat crop sequence. Himachal Pradesh Journal of Agricultural Research. 9: 89-92.