Kismot Ara, Roushan Ara, Md Nizam Uddin, Md Moniruzzaman1 and Md Adnan Al Bachchu*
Department of Entomology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur 5200, Bangladesh, 1Department of Agricultutre, Fulbari Womans College, Dinajpur, Bangladesh
*Corresponding author: adnan email@example.com
Article history: Received: 02.01.2021, Accepted: 16.02.2021, Published Online: 28.02.2021
To cite this article: Ara K, Ara R, Uddin MN, Moniruzzaman M and Bachchu MAA. 2021. Potential of fourindigenous plant extracts against the red flour beetle, Triboliumcastaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Intl. J. Agric. Med. Plants. 2(1):1-9.
Potential of fourindigenous plant extracts against the 5th instar larvae of red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), one of the very destructive and serious pests of many stored grain and flours, were carried out in the laboratory conditions (30 ±1.0oC and 70 ±5% RH). Five concentrations (7.07, 3.54, 1.77, 0.88 and 0.44 mg/cm2) along with control were made with methanol solvent to evaluate the toxicity effect of neem, thorn apple,custard apple and castor plant extracts at different time intervals. The plant extracts applied were effective in checking insect infestation and had different toxicity against the 5th instar larvae. Larval mortality indicated that castor plant extract showed the highest toxic effect (average mortality 45.77%) but the lowest toxicity was found in the thorn apple leaf extracts (average mortality 25.14%).The larval mortality significantly differed among the concentrations and dose dependent. No larval mortality was observed at untreated control up to 72 HATs. Larval mortality was also observed directly proportional to the level of concentrations and to the exposure period. Probit analysis also revealed the highest toxicity of castor plant extract. The order of effectiveness of plant extract was found as: castor > custard apple > neem> thorn apple. From the results, we concluded that extract of castor gave comparatively the highest mortality of 5th instar larvae after exposure of 72 hours and the lowest were recorded in the extract of thorn apple.
Keywords: Insect mortality, larvae, LD50,Tribolium castaneum(Herbst)
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